Common feet problem

Plantar fasciitis (πελματιαια απονευρωσιτιδα) is identified based upon your medical history and physical examination. Throughout the test, your healthcare professional will look for areas of inflammation in your foot. The place of your discomfort can help establish its reason.
Lots of people that have plantar fasciitis recoup in numerous months with conventional treatment, such as icing the unpleasant location, extending, and changing or staying away from tasks that cause pain.
Pain relievers you can get over the counter such as advil (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve) can relieve the discomfort and inflammation of plantar fasciitis.
Physical treatment or using unique tools may eliminate signs. Treatment may consist of:

  • Physical therapy. A physiotherapist can reveal you workouts to stretch the plantar fascia and Achilles tendon and to enhance lower leg muscular tissues. A specialist also could educate you to use sports taping to support all-time low of your foot.
  • Evening splints. Your care group may suggest that you use a splint that holds the plantar fascia and Achilles ligament in a lengthened setting overnight to advertise stretching while you sleep.
  • Orthotics. Your health care expert may recommend off-the-shelf or custom-fitted arc sustains, called orthotics, to distribute the pressure on your feet a lot more evenly.
  • Walking boot, walking sticks or crutches. Your healthcare professional could suggest among these for a quick duration either to maintain you from moving your foot or to keep you from positioning your complete weight on your foot.


Treatment for a sprained ankle (διαστρεμμα) relies on the seriousness of your injury. The therapy objectives are to reduce pain and swelling, advertise recovery of the ligament, and recover function of the ankle. For extreme injuries, you might be described an expert in musculoskeletal injuries, such as an orthopedic cosmetic surgeon or a physician concentrating on physical medication and recovery.
For self-care of an ankle strain, use the R.I.C.E. technique for the very first 2 or 3 days:

  • Relax. Prevent tasks that trigger pain, swelling or discomfort.
  • Ice. Make use of an ice bag or ice slush bathroom instantly for 15 to 20 mins and repeat every 2 to 3 hours while you’re awake. If you have vascular illness, diabetic issues or decreased sensation, talk with your doctor before using ice.
  • Compression. To assist stop swelling, press the ankle with an elastic bandage up until the swelling quits. Don’t impede flow by covering also securely. Begin wrapping at the end farthest from your heart.
  • Elevation. To decrease swelling, elevate your ankle joint over the level of your heart, specifically at night. Gravity helps reduce swelling by draining excess fluid.
    For the most part, over the counter painkiller– such as advil (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen salt (Aleve, others) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others)– suffice to handle the pain of a sprained ankle.
    Due to the fact that strolling with a sprained ankle joint may be painful, you might require to make use of crutches up until the discomfort subsides. Depending upon the extent of the strain, your medical professional might advise a stretchable bandage, sporting activities tape or an ankle assistance brace to support the ankle joint. In the case of a severe strain, an actors or walking boot might be required to paralyze the ankle joint while it recovers.
    Once the swelling and pain is reduced enough to resume motion, your medical professional will ask you to begin a series of exercises to restore your ankle joint’s variety of activity, toughness, adaptability and security. Your doctor or a physical therapist will certainly clarify the appropriate approach and development of workouts.
    Balance and stability training is particularly important to retrain the ankle joint muscles to interact to support the joint and to assist stop frequent strains. These workouts might involve various degrees of balance challenge, such as standing on one leg.
    If you sprained your ankle while working out or participating in a sport, speak to your doctor regarding when you can resume your activity. Your physician or physical therapist may desire you to do specific activity and movement tests to figure out how well your ankle features for the sports you play.


Athlete’s foot is an usual fungal infection (μυκητες στα ποδια) that affects the feet. You can typically treat it with lotions, sprays or powders from a drug store, however it can keep coming back.

Symptoms of professional athlete’s foot.
Among the main signs and symptoms of Athlete’s foot is scratchy white spots between your toes.

It can also trigger aching and flaky patches on your feet.
The skin can look red, but this may be less noticeable on brownish or black skin.

Occasionally the skin on your feet may become cracked or hemorrhage.

Other signs.
Professional athlete’s foot can additionally influence your soles or sides of your feet. It sometimes triggers fluid-filled sores.
If it’s not treated, the infection can infect your toe nails and trigger a fungal nail infection.
A pharmacologist can aid with professional athlete’s foot.
Athlete’s foot is unlikely to get better on its own, however you can buy antifungal medications for it from a drug store. They usually take a few weeks to function.
Athlete’s foot treatments are available as:.

  • lotions.
  • sprays.
  • powders.
    They’re not all ideal for everyone– for example, some are just for adults. Always examine the package or ask a pharmacologist.
    You may require to try a couple of treatments to locate one that works ideal for you.
    Discover a pharmacy.
    Things you can do if you have professional athlete’s foot.
    You can keep utilizing some drug store treatments to quit professional athlete’s foot coming back.
    It’s likewise crucial to keep your feet clean and dry. You do not need to stay off job or college.
  • completely dry your feet after washing them, particularly in between your toes– dab them completely dry rather than scrubing them.
  • – make use of a separate towel for your feet and clean it routinely.
  • – take your footwear off when in the house.
  • -.
    put on tidy socks daily– cotton socks are best.
    Do not.
  • do not scrape affected skin– this can spread it to other parts of your body.
  • – do not walk around barefoot– wear flip-flops in position like changing rooms and showers.
  • – do not share towels, socks or shoes with other individuals.
  • – do not wear the exact same pair of footwear for more than 2 days in a row.
  • -.
    do not use shoes that make your feet hot and perspiring.
    Keep following this recommendations after completing therapy to assist stop professional athlete’s foot returning.
    Non-urgent recommendations: See a general practitioner if:.
    You have professional athlete’s foot and:.
  • therapies from a drug store do not function.
  • you’re in a great deal of discomfort.
  • your foot or leg is hot, unpleasant and red (the redness may be much less noticeable on brown or black skin)– this could be a more severe infection.
  • the infection infects other parts of your body such as your hands.
  • you have diabetes mellitus– foot issues can be much more severe if you have diabetes.
  • you have a weakened body immune system– for instance, you have had a body organ transplant or are having radiation treatment.
    Treatment for professional athlete’s foot from a GP.
    The general practitioner may:.
  • send a little scuffing of skin from your feet to a research laboratory to examine you have professional athlete’s foot.
  • suggest a steroid lotion to make use of along with antifungal lotion.
  • prescribe antifungal tablet computers– you could need to take these for numerous weeks.
  • refer you to a skin expert (skin specialist) for even more tests and therapy if required.
    Just how you get athlete’s foot.
    You can catch athlete’s foot from other individuals with the infection.
    You can get it by:.
  • strolling barefoot in position where someone else has professional athlete’s foot– especially changing areas and showers.
  • touching the affected skin of somebody with professional athlete’s foot.
    You’re most likely to get it if you have damp or sweaty feet, or if the skin on your feet is harmed.